Market mixes

what are they and why are they used in the database?

Processed products, also indicated as ‘at processing’, are indicated in the country where they are processed.
Generally, companies source the raw materials from various countries and import such to process in the country of the factory.
For regional and sectoral datasets, market mixes are used.

A market mix is the culmination of import and trade statistics originating from the FAOstat of the raw material of the specific region, based on 5-year averages. This portrays a representative market mix for the region without dealing with the complexities of factory-specific import choices. A downside is that more specific calculations based on single import origins cannot be facilitated. 

Read more about the market mix in the LCIA guidance document chapter 2.10 here.

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